[139] Unaware of the exact location of Yamamoto's "Main Body" (a persistent problem since the time PBYs had first sighted the Japanese), Spruance was forced to assume the "four large ships" reported by Tambor represented the main invasion force and so he moved to block it, while staying 100 nautical miles (190 km; 120 mi) northeast of Midway. He completed his torpedo attack on the aircraft carrier Sōryū before he was shot down, but Sōryū evaded his torpedo. As soon as Tambor returned to port, Spruance had Murphy relieved of duty and reassigned to a shore station, citing his confusing contact report, poor torpedo shooting during his attack run, and general lack of aggression, especially as compared to Nautilus, the oldest of the 12 boats at Midway and the only one which had successfully placed a torpedo on target (albeit a dud). Da una storia vera Nel giugno del 1942 sei mesi dopo la sua vittoria a Pearl Harbor, la marina imperiale giapponese preparò una nuova offensiva per annientare le forze aeree e navali americane, prendendo possesso dell'atollo di Midway nel Pacifico La superiorità giapponese è indiscutibile, This concern was acutely heightened by the Doolittle Raid on 18 April 1942, in which 16 United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell bombers launched from USS Hornet bombed targets in Tokyo and several other Japanese cities. Las cifras de las víctimas japonesas durante la batalla fueron recopiladas por Sawaichi Hisae, en su libro, La referencia utiliza el parámetro obsoleto. [67][68] Among the dead was Major Lofton R. Henderson of VMSB-241, killed while leading his inexperienced Dauntless squadron into action. [6][7][8] The U.S. Navy under Admirals Chester W. Nimitz, Frank J. Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance defeated an attacking fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy under Admirals Isoroku Yamamoto, Chūichi Nagumo, and Nobutake Kondō near Midway Atoll, inflicting devastating damage on the Japanese fleet that rendered their aircraft carriers irreparable. [137], At 02:15 on the night of 5/6 June, Commander John Murphy's Tambor, lying 90 nautical miles (170 km; 100 mi) west of Midway, made the second of the submarine force's two major contributions to the battle's outcome, although its impact was heavily blunted by Murphy himself. 307 Americans had been killed, including Major General Clarence L. Tinker, Commander, 7th Air Force, who personally led a bomber strike from Hawaii against the retreating Japanese forces on 7 June. Product Details. The D3A was normally referred to by the Japanese as. Efectivamente, esta isla era estratégicamente importante para los estadounidenses y tras las batallas previas establecieron allí una base que permitía a los submarinos que operaban desde Pearl Harbor surtirse de combustible y provisiones. [158], On the return of the Japanese fleet to Hashirajima on 14 June the wounded were immediately transferred to naval hospitals; most were classified as "secret patients", placed in isolation wards and quarantined from other patients and their own families to keep this major defeat secret. [151], Historian Samuel E. Morison noted in 1949 that Spruance was subjected to much criticism for not pursuing the retreating Japanese, thus allowing their surface fleet to escape. Este plan se frustró cuando los submarinos que debían reabastecer de combustible a los aviones descubrieron que el punto de reabastecimiento previsto —hasta entonces una bahía desierta frente a French Frigate Shoals— estaba ocupado por buques estadounidenses, no estaban al tanto porque la última exploración a esa zona se había hecho en marzo. [128], News of the two strikes, with the mistaken reports that each had sunk an American carrier, greatly improved Japanese morale. On 19 May 1998, Robert Ballard and a team of scientists and Midway veterans from both sides located and photographed Yorktown, which was located 16,650 feet deep (3.1 miles). The attack was unsuccessful and at around 06:00 he finally reported two westbound Mogami-class cruisers, before diving again and playing no further role in the battle. En las taquillas logró recaudar 43 220 000 dólares estadounidenses. [8]​[9]​, En la estrategia de Yamamoto el objetivo principal era eliminar los portaaviones estadounidenses, a los que veía como la amenaza más importante para la campaña del Pacífico. This was the only successful air-launched torpedo attack by the U.S. during the entire battle. [99] Midway was the last time the TBD Devastator was used in combat. En la batalla del Mar de Coral, librada un mes antes, el USS Lexington se había hundido y el USS Yorktown había sido gravemente dañado al punto que los japoneses pensaron que también se había perdido. [92], Fletcher, along with Yorktown's commanding officer, Captain Elliott Buckmaster, and their staffs, had acquired the first-hand experience needed in organizing and launching a full strike against an enemy force in the Coral Sea, but there was no time to pass these lessons on to Enterprise and Hornet which were tasked with launching the first strike. [35], On Midway, by 4 June the U.S. Navy had stationed four squadrons of PBYs—31 aircraft in total—for long-range reconnaissance duties, and six brand-new Grumman TBF Avengers from Hornet's VT-8. This report was passed on by English to Nimitz, who then sent it to Spruance. Algunos hidroaviones se perdieron de los cruceros Chikuma y Tone —3 y 2 respectivamente—, mientras que los muertos a bordo de los destructores Tanikaze, Arashi, Kazagumo y el Akebono Maru sumaron las restantes 23 víctimas. The less severely damaged Mikuma slowed to 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) to keep pace. As a result, Air Group Eight's dive bombers missed the Japanese carriers. [42]​ A pesar de los esfuerzos para tener al Saratoga —que había sido reparado en San Diego— listo para el siguiente enfrentamiento, la necesidad de reabastecerlo y reunir suficientes escoltas le impidió llegar a Midway hasta después de la batalla. [190], Both the United States and Japan accelerated the training of aircrew, but the United States had a more effective pilot rotation system, which meant that more veterans survived and went on to training or command billets, where they were able to pass on lessons they had learned in combat to trainees, instead of remaining in combat, where errors were more likely to be fatal. [22]​, Antes de la batalla, el almirante Chester W. Nimitz, comandante en jefe del área del Pacífico, tenía una importante ventaja sobre Japón, ya que los criptoanalistas estadounidenses habían descifrado parcialmente el código JN-25b de la Armada Imperial Japonesa. [81]​[82]​ Con aviones similares el segundo asalto acabó casi de la misma manera: la flota aérea atacante destruida casi en su totalidad y la japonesa prácticamente intacta. By June 1942, the Japanese Navy has swept across the Pacific. Esta táctica, a pesar de disminuir el volumen del impacto de los ataques hacia los japoneses y acarrear grandes perdidas para los estadounidenses, tuvo el mérito de lograr desorganizar la capacidad de contraataque nipona y encontrarse totalmente vulnerables a los portaaviones de Nagumo.[78]​[79]​[80]​. Because of the constant flight deck activity associated with combat air patrol operations during the preceding hour, the Japanese never had an opportunity to position ("spot") their reserve planes on the flight deck for launch. This operation was also considered preparatory for further attacks against Fiji, Samoa, and Hawaii itself. Pre-war Japan was less mechanized than America and the highly trained aircraft mechanics, fitters, and technicians lost at Midway were all but impossible to replace and train to a similar level of efficiency. Damage control parties were able to temporarily patch the flight deck and restore power to several boilers within an hour, giving her a speed of 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) and enabling her to resume air operations. El hecho de que no hubiera suficiente tripulación disponible de inmediato puede atribuirse al fracaso del programa de entrenamiento de la Armada Imperial, que ya mostraba signos de no poder reemplazar oportunamente las bajas. [65], Of the 108 Japanese aircraft involved in this attack, 11 were destroyed (including three that ditched), 14 were heavily damaged, and 29 were damaged to some degree. [91]​ La pérdida de los cuatro portaaviones enviados a Midway, además de un gran número de sus bien formados e irremplazables pilotos navales, interrumpió la expansión de Japón por el resto del Pacífico. [157], The Japanese public and much of the military command structure were kept in the dark about the extent of the defeat: Japanese news announced a great victory. [48]​[49]​ No obstante, la Primera Fuerza de Ataque navegó con 248 aviones disponibles en los cuatro portaaviones —60 en el Akagi, 74 en el Kaga, 57 en el Hiryū y 57 en el Sōryū. ADD TO WISHLIST. [54]​ Por mencionar algunas de ellas: los cañones antiaéreos y sus sistemas de control de incendios tenían varios defectos de diseño y configuración que limitaban su efectividad; solo unos pocos aviones de combate conformaban la patrulla aérea de la flota, la que se vio obstaculizada en sus labores por el inadecuado sistema de alerta temprana y la falta de radar; las malas comunicaciones de radio con los aviones de combate inhibieron el mando y control efectivo de la patrulla; en lugar de ser una escolta antiaérea cercana, los buques que escoltaban a los portaaviones se desplegaron a mucha distancia como exploradores visuales, ya que carecían de entrenamiento, doctrina militar y suficiente armamento antiaéreo. [103] The performance of American torpedoes in the early months of the war was scandalous, as shot after shot missed by running directly under the target (deeper than intended), prematurely exploded, or hit targets (sometimes with an audible clang) and failed to explode at all. [49] These messages were, contrary to earlier historical accounts, also received by Nagumo before the battle began. [163], Three U.S. airmen were captured during the battle: Ensign Wesley Osmus,[164] a pilot from Yorktown; Ensign Frank O'Flaherty,[165] a pilot from Enterprise; and Aviation Machinist's Mate Bruno Peter Gaido,[166] O'Flaherty's radioman-gunner. The Battle of Midway, along with the Guadalcanal campaign, is widely considered a turning point in the Pacific War. Midway-based Marine fighters led by Major Floyd B. [61]​[62]​ Al contrario de otras versiones históricas, Nagumo también recibió esta información antes de que comenzara la batalla. Consistían en lentos caza-torpederos Douglas TBD Devastator que se lanzaron en fila contra los portaaviones casi a la superficie del mar. [26], To do battle with an enemy expected to muster four or five carriers, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas needed every available flight deck. [81] Nagumo's opportunity to hit the American ships[82] was now limited by the imminent return of his Midway strike force. Además, desde el ataque del 7 de diciembre de 1941, el poder aéreo estadounidense en el archipiélago de Hawái había aumentado y por ello determinó que atacar directamente Pearl Harbor era demasiado arriesgado. Midway no era especialmente importante en el expansionismo territorial de Japón,[12]​[13]​ pero supuso que ante un ataque Estados Unidos defendería el atolón con mucha fuerza, así que una eventual victoria permitiría destruir parte importante de la flota enemiga. [40]​[41]​, El grupo aeroembarcado del Yorktown estaba mermado y se restauró usando cualquier avión y piloto que se pudo encontrar. El ataque a Midway —al igual que el de Pearl Harbor— no era parte de un plan para conquistar los Estados Unidos, sino que su objetivo era eliminar las fuerzas navales estadounidense del Pacífico y evitar su intervención en la campaña japonesa en el este y sudeste asiático. [94] Spruance judged that the need to throw something at the enemy as soon as possible was greater than the need to coordinate the attack by aircraft of different types and speeds (fighters, bombers, and torpedo bombers). Spruance, que no había sido capaz de localizar el cuerpo principal de la escuadra de Yamamoto, pensó que se trataba de estos navíos y partió en su dirección. At the end of the battle, the U.S. lost the carrier Yorktown and a destroyer, Hammann. [30]​ Como resultado, los estadounidenses llegaron a la batalla con una imagen bastante clara de dónde, cuándo y con qué fuerza atacarían los japoneses. [Nota 2]​. While the U.S. would probably not have sought peace with Japan as Yamamoto hoped, his country might have revived Operation FS to invade and occupy Fiji and Samoa; attacked Australia, Alaska, and Ceylon; or even attempted to conquer Hawaii. Trama La trama di Dauntless - La battaglia di Midway (2019). Simultaneously, he detached a cruiser raiding force to bombard the island. Nyní koupit a zajistit si Cashback! Dead aboard the destroyers Tanikaze (11), Arashi (1), Kazagumo (1) and the fleet oiler Akebono Maru (10) made up the remaining 23 casualties. Título original: Dauntless: The Battle of Midway. John Ford realizó un documental sobre la batalla en el año 1942 titulado The Battle of Midway. [72]​[73]​, Entonces, el almirante se vio frente a un dilema. [44]​ El Cuerpo de Marines estacionó además diecinueve Douglas SBD Dauntless, siete F4F-3 Wildcat, diecisiete Vought SB2U Vindicator y veintiún Brewster F2A Buffalo. He already had Vice Admiral William Halsey's two-carrier (Enterprise and Hornet) task force at hand, though Halsey was stricken with severe dermatitis and had to be replaced by Rear Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, Halsey's escort commander. [133] Limping along on a straight course at 12 knots—roughly one-third their top speed—Mogami and Mikuma had been almost perfect targets for a submarine attack. The Japanese, by contrast, remained mainly unaware of their opponent's true strength and dispositions even after the battle began. This led to a sharp decline in the quality of the aviators produced. [138][139], Over the following two days, several strikes were launched against the stragglers, first from Midway, then from Spruance's carriers. Da una storia vera. [198], Henderson Field (Guadalcanal) was named in honor of United States Marine Corps Major Lofton Henderson, who was the first Marine aviator to perish during the battle. [25]​ Desde principios de 1942, Estados Unidos había estado decodificando mensajes que indicaban que pronto se llevaría a cabo una operación militar en un objetivo llamado «AF». The 10 F4Fs from Hornet ran out of fuel and had to ditch. Pérdidas en hombres: 250 hombres aproximadamente. Critically, Yamamoto's supporting battleships and cruisers trailed Vice Admiral Chūichi Nagumo's carrier force by several hundred miles. [173], Two enlisted men from Mikuma were rescued from a life raft on 9 June by USS Trout and taken to Pearl Harbor. Dauntless: La Battaglia di Midway 2019 - 98 min Nel giugno del 1942, la Marina giapponese oltrepassa il Pacifico. In September 1999, a joint expedition between Nauticos Corp. and the U.S. [1]​ La derrota japonesa supuso un serio obstáculo para sus planes de expansión por el resto del océano y fue un «punto de inflexión» en el conjunto del conflicto. For a variety of reasons, production of the "Val" had been drastically reduced, while that of the "Kate" had been stopped completely and, as a consequence, there were none available to replace losses. El 7 de noviembre de 2019 se estrenó la película Midway, dirigida por Roland Emmerich. The two squadrons from Enterprise (VB-6 and VS-6) were running low on fuel because of the time spent looking for the enemy. Delivery date: between Thursday, October 8 and Monday, October 12. [159] The remaining officers and men were quickly dispersed to other units of the fleet and, without being allowed to see family or friends, were shipped to units in the South Pacific, where the majority died in battle. They also note, however, that doing so would have violated Japanese carrier doctrine, which stressed that carriers and their air groups must train as a single unit. The distance between Yamamoto and Kondo's forces and Nagumo's carriers had grave implications during the battle: the invaluable reconnaissance capability of the scout planes carried by the cruisers and carriers, as well as the additional antiaircraft capability of the cruisers and the other two battleships of the Kongō-class in the trailing forces, was unavailable to Nagumo. The crew of the research vessel Petrel confirmed the discovery of another Japanese carrier, the Akagi, on 21 October 2019. La distancia entre las fuerzas de Kondō y Yamamoto y los portaaviones de Nagumo tuvo consecuencias graves durante la batalla, porque se le negó a este último la inestimable capacidad de los aviones de reconocimiento transportados por los cruceros y portaaviones, así como la capacidad antiaérea adicional que ofrecían los cruceros junto a los dos acorazados clase Kongō. [47]​, De este modo, la 5.ª División de Portaaviones —que tenía los dos más avanzados de la Kidō Butai— no estaría disponible, por lo que el vicealmirante Nagumo tenía solo dos tercios de los portaviones a su disposición: el Kaga y el Akagi de la 1.ª División, junto al Hiryū y el Sōryū de la 2.ª División. [57] This dispersal resulted in few fast ships being available to escort the Carrier Striking Force, reducing the number of anti-aircraft guns protecting the carriers. The plan was handicapped by faulty Japanese assumptions of the American reaction and poor initial dispositions. Ballard's subsequent search for the Japanese carriers was unsuccessful. "[45] Japanese carrier anti-aircraft guns and associated fire control systems had several design and configuration deficiencies which limited their effectiveness. [110], McClusky's decision to continue the search and his judgment, in the opinion of Admiral Chester Nimitz, "decided the fate of our carrier task force and our forces at Midway ..."[111] All three American dive-bomber squadrons (VB-6, VS-6, and VB-3) arrived almost simultaneously at the perfect time, locations and altitudes to attack. Luego de la invasión, muchos estadounidenses temían que desde allí los japoneses ataquen objetivos estratégicos y centros urbanos a lo largo de la costa oeste. El capitán Wilfred Holmes ideó una estratagema y a través de un cable submarino seguro le pidió a la base en Midway que transmitiera un mensaje de radio sin codificar en que se indicara que el sistema de purificación de agua del atolón se había averiado. [69], One B-26, piloted by Lieutenant James Muri, after dropping his torpedo and searching for a safer escape route, flew directly down the length of the Akagi while being chased by interceptors and anti-aircraft fire, which had to hold their fire to avoid hitting their own flagship. [40] Nonetheless, the First Carrier Strike Force sailed with 248 available aircraft on the four carriers (60 on Akagi, 74 on Kaga (B5N2 squadron oversized), 57 on Hiryū and 57 on Sōryū). Lo on 10 October 1944 to clear the name Midway for a large fleet aircraft carrier,[200] USS Midway (CV-41), which was commissioned on 10 September 1945, eight days after the Japanese surrender, and is now docked in San Diego, California, as the USS Midway Museum. fu combattuta durante la seconda guerra mondiale, tra il 4 e il 7 giugno 1942, presso le isole Midway, dove la Marina degli Stati Uniti respinse l'attacco della Marina imperiale giapponese. [119], Within six minutes, Sōryū and Kaga were ablaze from stem to stern, as fires spread through the ships. six-carrier force that had attacked Pearl Harbor, shooting down of Admiral Yamamoto's airplane, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, "A Brief History of Aircraft Carriers: Battle of Midway", "Oil and Japanese Strategy in the Solomons: A Postulate", "Battle of Midway: Repairing the Yorktown After the Battle of the Coral Sea", "U.S. National Park Service: The Battle of Midway: Turning the Tide in the Pacific 1. After Midway and the exhausting attrition of the Solomon Islands campaign, Japan's capacity to replace its losses in materiel (particularly aircraft carriers) and men (especially well-trained pilots and maintenance crewmen) rapidly became insufficient to cope with mounting casualties, while the United States' massive industrial and training capabilities made losses far easier to replace. Al principio todos se preguntaban que significaba o qué lugar era «AF», pero más tarde el comandante Joseph Rochefort y su equipo en la estación HYPO pudieron confirmar que se trataba de Midway. Mitsuo Fuchida, the Japanese aviator who had led the attack on Pearl Harbor, was on Akagi when it was hit, and described the attack: A look-out screamed: "Hell-Divers!" Además, en 1976 se estrenó en los Estados Unidos la película La batalla de Midway, un filme bélico en technicolor dirigido por Jack Smight. Ensign George H. Gay, Jr. was the only survivor of the 30 aircrew of VT-8. Torpedo Five (VT-5) was also replaced by Torpedo Three (VT-3). [84] Spotting his flight decks and launching aircraft would have required at least 30 minutes. [100], The Japanese combat air patrol, flying Mitsubishi A6M2 Zeros,[101] made short work of the unescorted, slow, under-armed TBDs. Il 4 giugno 1942 la battaglia delle Midway ha inizio: la base viene colpita duramente dai bombardieri giapponesi, e il regista John Ford viene gravemente ferito mentre sta girando il suo documentario, ma i bombardieri decollati dall'isola, che fanno parte sia dei Marines, sia della USAAF, sia della Marina, prima dell'arrivo dei nemici attaccano a loro volta la flotta nipponica, subendo però gravissime perdite. [146][147], By the time the battle ended, 3,057 Japanese had died. Dal soggetto del film lo sceneggiatore Donald S. Sanford ricavò una novelization (pubblicata in Italia … Además, la aviación estadounidense estacionada en la isla había logrado resistir otros ataques sin sufrir pérdidas, lo que reforzó más la necesidad de hacer un nuevo ataque al atolón. [132], Finally, fearing a possible night encounter with Japanese surface forces,[132] and believing Yamamoto still intended to invade, based in part on a misleading contact report from the submarine Tambor,[133] Spruance changed course and withdrew to the east, turning back west towards the enemy at midnight. [135] It was fortunate for the U.S. that Spruance did not pursue, for had he come in contact with Yamamoto's heavy ships, including Yamato, in the dark and considering the Japanese Navy's superiority in night-attack tactics at the time, there is a very high probability his cruisers would have been overwhelmed and his carriers sunk. Gasoline ignited, creating an "inferno", while stacked bombs and ammunition detonated. Consequently, even the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) continued to believe, for at least a short time, that the fleet was in good condition. Military historian John Keegan called it "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare",[9] while naval historian Craig Symonds called it "one of the most consequential naval engagements in world history, ranking alongside Salamis, Trafalgar, and Tsushima Strait, as both tactically decisive and strategically influential".[10]. [62], At 04:30 on 4 June, Nagumo launched his initial attack on Midway itself, consisting of 36 Aichi D3A dive bombers and 36 Nakajima B5N torpedo bombers, escorted by 36 Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighters. Aunque tradicionalmente se considera que la operación fue una distracción para mantener a los estadounidenses alejados del Midway, de acuerdo al plan original, el ataque a las islas y al atolón debían iniciar simultáneamente, pero la fuerza operativa de Nagumo se retrasó un día en la navegación y eso causó que la operación en las Aleutianas iniciara el día antes. For other uses, see, World War II naval battle in the Pacific Theater, The code names "Val", "Kate" and "Zeke", which are often applied to these aircraft, were not introduced until late 1943 by the Allied forces. [199], An escort carrier, USS Midway (CVE-63) was commissioned on 17 August 1943. This was partly due to fatigue; Japanese carriers had been constantly on operations since 7 December 1941, including raids on Darwin and Colombo. [98]​ Los estrategas japoneses no previeron un conflicto militar de larga duración y, por lo tanto, no tuvieron la capacidad para reponer rápidamente las pérdidas en navíos, aeronaves, marineros y principalmente pilotos. By June 1942, the Japanese Navy has swept across the Pacific. Tinker Air Force Base, outside Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is named in honor of Major General Clarence L. Tinker, Commander, 7th Air Force, who personally led a bomber strike from Hawaii against the retreating Japanese forces on 7 June. Estas últimas poseían yacimientos petrolíferos de gran importancia para Japón, así que una vez asegurados en enero de 1942 se comenzó a planificar una segunda fase de operaciones. The damage also forced Admiral Fletcher to move his command staff to the heavy cruiser Astoria. In an effort to change the course of the war, a United States carrier group is positioned off the coast of Midway, tasked with springing a trap on the enemy. In an effort to change the course of the war, a United States carrier group is positioned off the coast of Midway, tasked with springing a … Despite being asked to abandon the ship, Nagumo didn’t move and was reluctant to leave the Akagi, just muttering, “It's not time yet.” Nagumo's chief of staff, Rear Admiral Ryūnosuke Kusaka, was able to persuade him to leave the critically damaged Akagi. Some of the aircrew were inexperienced, which may have contributed to an accident in which Thach's executive officer Lieutenant Commander Donald Lovelace was killed. ¡online película gratis | Descargar pelicula HD!. "[124] Thirteen Japanese dive bombers and three escorting fighters were lost in this attack (two escorting fighters turned back early after they were damaged attacking some of Enterprise's SBDs returning from their attack on the Japanese carriers). The Japanese repelled these attacks, losing three fighters while destroying five TBFs, two SB2Us, eight SBDs, and two B-26s. Esta decisión que acarrearía una pérdida de tiempo fatal le supondría más adelante la derrota. The Battle of Midway was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II that took place on 4–7 June 1942, six months after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea. Browning, therefore, suggested a launch time of 07:00, giving the carriers an hour to close on the Japanese at 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph). [134] For his part, Yamamoto initially decided to continue the engagement and sent his remaining surface forces searching eastward for the American carriers. [127] They attacked, crippling Yorktown with two torpedoes; she lost all power and developed a 23-degree list to port. A few TBDs managed to get within a few ship-lengths range of their targets before dropping their torpedoes—close enough to be able to strafe the enemy ships and force the Japanese carriers to make sharp evasive maneuvers—but all of their torpedoes either missed or failed to explode. Dauntless: The Battle of Midway Pelicula OnLine en Español Latino Subtitulada. Midway fue el debut de este avión, el de mayor tamaño de los utilizados en los portaaviones norteamericanos durante la IIGM. [106] The appearance of a third torpedo plane attack from the southeast by VT-3 from Yorktown, led by LCDR Lance Edward Massey at 10:00 very quickly drew the majority of the Japanese CAP to the southeast quadrant of the fleet. [13], This, and other successful hit-and-run raids by American carriers in the South Pacific, showed that they were still a threat, although seemingly reluctant to be drawn into an all-out battle. [161], As a result of the defeat, new procedures were adopted whereby more Japanese aircraft were refueled and re-armed on the flight deck, rather than in the hangars, and the practice of draining all unused fuel lines was adopted. Mike Phillips. Sin embargo, hubo desacuerdos estratégicos entre el Ejército Imperial Japonés y la Armada Imperial Japonesa, y ciertas luchas internas entre el Cuartel General Imperial y la Flota Combinada del almirante Isoroku Yamamoto que impidieron concretar esta siguiente estrategia militar hasta abril de 1942. [102]​, Adicionalmente, los destructores Arashio y Asashio —35 y 21 muertos respectivamente— fueron dañados durante los ataques aéreos que hundieron el Mikuma y dañaron el Mogami. [27] Nimitz also hurriedly recalled Rear Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher's task force, including the carrier Yorktown, from the South West Pacific Area. La primera oleada de bombarderos japoneses dañó gravemente al Yorktown con tres impactos de bomba que apagaron su caldera, inmovilizándolo: sin embargo, en aproximadamente una hora, sus dañados equipos de control fueron reparados con tanta eficacia que los bombarderos de la segunda oleada creyeron que se trataba de otro.