"[115], On 30 December 2007, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert issued an order requiring approval by both the Israeli Prime Minister and Israeli Defense Minister of all settlement activities (including planning) in the West Bank. West Bank map. The military commander’s authority is also anchored in IV Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War 1949. The neo-Latin name Cisjordan or Cis-Jordan (literally "on this side of the River Jordan") is the usual name for the territory in the Romance languages and Hungarian. She died on 27 September 2005, aged 68', internationally administered enclave of Jerusalem, Islamization of East Jerusalem under Jordanian occupation, Jordan occupied the West Bank and annexed it in 1950, Status of territories occupied by Israel in 1967, administrative divisions of the Oslo Accords, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, International law and Israeli settlements, 2014 kidnapping and murder of Israeli teenagers, Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories, Water supply and sanitation in the State of Palestine, Demographics of the Palestinian territories, Palestinian freedom of movement § Restriction of movement in the West Bank, Telecommunications in the Palestinian territories, "Prolonged Military Occupation: The Israeli-Occupied Territories Since 1967", "Israel: The security barrier—between international law, constitutional law, and domestic judicial review", "Jordan – History – The Making of Transjordan", General Armistice Agreement between the Hashemite Jordan Kingdom and Israel, United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1950. Broadband internet service by Bezeq's ADSL and by the cable company is available as well. This complete, interactive map of the West Bank and Gaza includes information about Palestinian communities and Israeli settlements, checkpoints, the separation barrier, agricultural gates in the separation barrier, settlement zones in East Jerusalem, etc. [2] The terrain is mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation in the west, but somewhat barren in the east. Palestinian Refugees in West Bank UNRWA Camps. The state did undertake not to open more quarries. The United Nations calls the West Bank and Gaza Strip Israeli-occupied territories. For example, entrepreneurs were denied a permit for a cement factory in Hebron. 26 branches of 8 Arab banks were present. [136], Opponents claim the barrier is an illegal attempt to annex Palestinian land under the guise of security,[137] violates international law,[138] has the intent or effect to pre-empt final status negotiations,[139] and severely restricts Palestinian livelihoods, particularly limiting their freedom of movement within and from the West Bank thereby undermining their economy.[140]. [161][162][163] At least 15 waste treatment plants operate in the West Bank and most of the waste they process is brought over from within the Green line inside Israel proper. The West Bank The "West Bank", named for being on the west side of the Jordan River, refers to the area east of the 1949 ceasefire lines with the country of Jordan, taking into account some small modifications that were agreed to between 1949 and 1967. Article XI.2.a reads: "Land in populated areas (Areas A and B), including government and Al Waqf land, will come under the jurisdiction of the Council during the first phase of redeployment." Acri claimed the ban responds to fears by settlers who operate tourist concessions in this West Bank area that they will lose Jewish customers if there are too many West Bank Palestinians on the beaches. The Oslo Accords agreed to hand over mining rights to the Palestinian Authority. It is therefore not clear why persons like. Statistics on Settlement Construction. It was inaugurated on 11 December 2011 under the military order "175" entitled ‘An order concerning transition station’. [216] The checkpoint system did not ease up after the Oslo Accords, but was strengthened after them, which has been interpreted as suggesting their function is to assert control over Palestinians, and as a sign of an unwillingness to yield ground in the West Bank. [11] The term was chosen to differentiate the west bank of the River Jordan from the "east bank" of this river. In addition, it can prevent anyone from using the crossing. We continually strive to improve our patients' lives by delivering superior outcomes using groundbreaking technology and treatments while balancing patients' needs. West Jerusalem West Jerusalem represents the modern commercial heart of the city, which was the focus for development in the capital from the time of Israeli independence in 1948 to the reunification of the city with the Six Day War in 1967. [181] [50], From 1517 to 1917 the West Bank was part of the Ottoman Empire. "UN chief says time running out for peace deal", "Westbank closure count and analysis, January 2006", "60 Minutes | Middle East | Time Running Out For A Two-State Solution? "[208] Between 1994 and 1997, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) built 180 miles of bypass roads in the territories, on appropriated land because they ran close to Palestinian villages. of Texas, Austin), Map of Israel 2008 (C.I.A./Univ. [9] In its 2004 advisory opinion the International Court of Justice concluded that: The territories situated between the Green Line and the former eastern boundary of Palestine under the Mandate were occupied by Israel in 1967 during the armed conflict between Israel and Jordan. [28] As agriculture gave way to industrial development in Israel, in the West Bank the former still generated 37% of domestic product, and industry a mere 13%. [178], Albert Glock argued that Israel is responsible for the disappearance of significant parts of the Palestinian cultural patrimony, by confiscating Arab cultural resources. Roughly 73 percent of global bromine production comes from Israeli and Jordanian exploitation of the Dead Sea. The West Bank is further divided into 8 administrative regions: Menashe (Jenin area), HaBik'a (Jordan Valley), Shomron (Shechem area, known in Arabic as Nablus), Efrayim (Tulkarm area), Binyamin (Ramallah/al-Bireh area), Maccabim (Maccabim area), Etzion (Bethlehem area) and Yehuda (Hebron area). [80] The area of West Bank is landlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers. It is mostly used as permanent pastures (32% of arable land) and seasonal agricultural uses (40%). [42] Expropriation of prime agricultural land in an economy where two thirds of the workforce had farmed is believed to account for the flight of labourers to work in Israel. The future status of the West Bank, together with the Gaza Strip on the Mediterranean shore, has been the subject of negotiation between the Palestinians and Israelis, although the 2002 Road Map for Peace, proposed by the "Quartet" comprising the United States, Russia, the European Union, and the United Nations, envisions an independent Palestinian state in these territories living side by side with Israel (see also proposals for a Palestinian state). Modi'in Illit, Qalqilyah and Tulkarm are in the low foothills adjacent to the Israeli Coastal Plain, and Jericho and Tubas are situated in the Jordan Valley, north of the Dead Sea. It demands that Israel stop such activity and fulfill its obligations as an occupying power under the Fourth Geneva Convention. [94] The government of Israel has not formally confirmed an official reason; however, historians and analysts have established a variety of such, most of them demographic. [44] Remittances from labourers earning a wage in Israel were the major factor in Palestinian economic growth during the 1969–73 boom years,[45] but the migration of workers from the territories had a negative impact on local industry by creating an internal labour scarcity in the West Bank and consequent pressure for higher wages there;[46] the contrast between the quality of their lives and Israelis' growing prosperity stoked resentment. ', "The one center of archaeological activity that might have provided a base for Palestinian archaeologists was the Palestine Archaeological Museum in Jerusalem, which was under the control not of Jordan but of trustees made up of the directors of the several foreign schools of archaeology in the city. Were Israel to permit a parallel development of this Palestinian sector, the World Bank estimates that 2,900 jobs would be added, allowing the Palestinian economy a potential value-added input of something like $126 million annually. [2], In 2010, the West Bank and Gaza Strip together had 4,686 km (2,912 mi) of roadways. At the 1920 San Remo conference, the victorious Allied powers (France, UK, USA, etc.) [172] The products of the Israeli cosmetics firm Ahava, established in 1988, were developed in laboratories at the West Bank Dead Sea settlements of Mitzpe Shalem and Kalya. Bank Leumi then opened nine branches, without successfully replacing the earlier system. The High Contracting Parties reaffirmed "the illegality of the settlements in the said territories and of the extension thereof. FIELD MAP CLICK HERE. 'The ban came to light after the testimony of two Israeli army reservists who said that at the beginning of their tour of duty in May they were told that the purpose of the checkpoint was to "prevent Palestinians coming from the Jordan Valley to the Dead Sea beaches".. One of the reservists, Doron Karbel, testified that as a "side note", the Jordan Valley Brigade Commander, Colonel Yigal Slovik, had said the reason for the checkpoint was that "when Jews and Palestinian vacationers were sitting on the beaches side by side it hurt the business of the surrounding, "This imposed network of roads could be characterized by lack of consideration for the existing historical road network in the region; by inappropriateness of topography; by construction in marginal areas for a small population; by land confiscation of Arab villages; by lack of a logical hierarchy of roads with defined traffic functions; and above all by the development of a new road system as a means of territorial dominance of the region. West Bank closure and access - OCHA report, separation wall maps 03/31/2005 Barrier Projections - Humanitarian impact of the West Bank barrier on Palestinian communities (March 2005) - OCHA report [209] The given aim was said to be to afford protection to settlers from Palestinian sniping, bombing, and drive-by shootings. West Bank from Mapcarta, the open map. The West Bank is an area located between in the Middle East between Israel and Jordan, to the north of the Dead Sea. Annexation of the West Bank and assimilation of the Palestinian population to fully fledged Israeli citizens; Reluctance to award its citizenship to an overwhelming number of a potentially hostile population whose allies were sworn to the destruction of Israel. [158] Palestinians are restricted to 3 landfills, and permits for more have been denied unless the sites can be used to dump settlement garbage. [needs update] Approximately 58.4% has been constructed, 8.96% is under construction, and construction has not yet begun on 33% of the barrier. British and Arab commercial banks operating in the West Bank were closed down soon after Israel assumed power there. The 1993 Oslo Accords declared the final status of the West Bank to be subject to a forthcoming settlement between Israel and the Palestinian leadership. [142], In 1993, the Palestinian National Authority, according to Oslo Accord assigned by PLO and the Israeli government, became a partial supervisor over the Rafah Border Crossing to Gaza Strip. [93] There are various possible reasons as to why the West Bank had not been annexed to Israel after its capture in 1967. [147], Israeli settlers in the West Bank have seized dozens of wells from Palestinians. In 1965, 15,000 workers were employed in industry, producing 7% of the GNP. The George Washington international law review. East Building. Palestinian public opinion opposes Israeli military and settler presence on the West Bank as a violation of their right to statehood and sovereignty. Area C (approximately 61%) is under full Israeli control. [188], In December 2007, an official census conducted by the Palestinian Authority found that the Palestinian Arab population of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) was 2,345,000. Maps of the Palestinian Territories: Modern Middle East Maps: Table of Contents.